This page contains state-specific research for the state of Florida:

Census Snapshot: 2010

Same-sex couples per 1,000 households by census tract (adjusted)

  • A Portrait of LGBT People in Southwest Florida

    Kerith J. Conron, Winston Luhur, Shoshana K. Goldberg
    October 2019
    An estimated 36,000 adults in Southwest Florida, 3.4% of the population, identify as LGBT. Almost a third (31%) are Latino/a.

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  • HIV Criminalization in Florida

    Amira Hasenbush
    October 2018
    A new report finds some disparities in the enforcement of HIV criminal laws in Florida, based on race, sex, geography and related offenses.

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  • Community Assessment of LGBTI Adults in Northeast Florida

    Taylor N.T. Brown, Kerith J. Conron
    June 2018
    The largest survey of LGBTI adults in Northeast Florida finds 75% of respondents have experienced “everyday discrimination,” such as being disrespected, threatened or harassed in the past 12 months.

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  • The Impact of Stigma and Discrimination against LGBT People in Florida

    Christy Mallory, Taylor N.T. Brown, Susan E. Walch, Brad Sears
    October 2017
    Florida’s legal landscape and social climate put the state’s 663,000 LGBT adults and 100,000 youth at risk of discrimination and harassment. The social, economic and health effects of stigma and discrimination against LGBT people cost hundreds of millions of dollars each year.

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  • Model Legislation for Eliminating the Gay and Trans Panic Defenses

    By Jordan Blair Woods, Brad Sears, Christy Mallory
    September 2016
    “Gay panic” and “transgender panic” defenses have been asserted by defendants in criminal trials throughout the U.S. since the 1960s. In these cases, defendants have argued that their violent behavior was a rational response to discovering that the victim was LGBT. The defenses are rooted in irrational fears based on homophobia and transphobia, and send the message that violence against LGBT people is understandable and acceptable. When successful, these defenses have resulted in murder charges being reduced to manslaughter or another lesser offense. To date, only one state, California, has banned defendants from asserting gay or transgender panic defense by statute. In this brief, Williams Institute scholars present model language, based on the language adopted in California, that other states may use to eliminate use of the defenses through legislation. The model legislation offers language to prohibit defendants from using gay and trans panic defenses under each of the major defenses theories of provocation, insanity/diminished capacity, and self-defense. In addition, the brief provides an overview of the ways in which the defenses have been asserted in trials throughout the last several decades, and evaluates potential constitutional challenges to state legislation eliminating use of the defenses.

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  • How Many Adults Identify as Transgender in the United States

    By Andrew R. Flores, Jody L. Herman, Gary J. Gates, and Taylor N. T. Brown
    June 2016
    Utilizing data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), which includes representative state-level surveys, Williams Institute scholars provide up-to-date estimates of the percentage and number of adults who identify as transgender in the United States. Approximately 0.6% of adults in the United States, or 1.4 million individuals, identify as transgender. The study also provides the first ever state-level estimates of the number and percentage of adults who identify as transgender for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Differences exist in the percentage of adults who identify as transgender among the states, ranging from 0.3% in North Dakota to 0.8% in Hawaii. Differences by age also exist, with younger adults more likely to identify as transgender than older adults. An estimated 0.7% of adults ages 18 to 24, 0.6% of adults ages 25 to 64, and 0.5% of adults ages 65 and older identify as transgender.

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  • LGBT in the South

    By Christy Mallory, Andrew Flores and Brad Sears
    March 2016
    Christy Mallory, Andrew Flores and Brad Sears head to Asheville, North Carolina, to the LGBT in the South Conference to discuss the Williams Institute's research on LGBT demographics and discrimination in the Southern states. Thirty-five percent of the LGBT population in the United States lives in the South, where they are more likely to lack employment protections, earn less than $24,000 a year, and report that they cannot afford food or healthcare.

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  • The Cost of Employment Discrimination against Transgender Residents of Florida

    By Taylor N.T. Brown and Jody Herman
    April 2015
    The State of Florida spends more than a half million dollars each year as the result of employment discrimination against transgender residents. Currently, 10 counties and 14 cities in Florida have ordinances prohibiting discrimination based on gender identity in public and private sector employment, but nearly 22,000 transgender adult residents are not covered by these laws. Employment discrimination against transgender adults in Florida costs the state an estimated $570,000 annually in state Medicaid expenditures alone.

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  • Children and Families Impacted and the Fiscal Implications of Florida HB 7111, "Conscience Protection for Private Child-Placing Agencies"

    Gary Gates, Taylor N.T. Brown
    April 2015
    Agencies could refuse to place a child with a potential parent because of the parent’s sexual orientation or gender identity under proposed bill HB 7111 in Florida. About 2,460 adopted children and 160 foster children are being raised by lesbian, gay and bisexual individuals or same-sex couples in Florida. If those 160 foster children were to be adopted by their foster families next year, the state could save more than $1 million by not keeping them in the foster care system.

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  • Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Florida

    By Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    March 2015
    About 328,000 LGBT workers in Florida are not explicitly protected from discrimination under state or federal laws. If sexual orientation and gender identity were added to existing statewide non-discrimination laws, 154 more complaints would be filed in Florida each year. The cost of enforcing those complaints would be negligible.

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  • Same-sex Couples in Florida: A demographic summary

    By Gary J. Gates
    December 2014
    By Gary J. Gates December 2014 Based on Census 2010, there are 48,496 same-sex couples living in Florida. The majority of same-sex couples are male (55%). The average age of individuals in same-sex couples in Florida is nearly seven years younger than that of different-sex married couples - 46.7 a...

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  • Estimating the Economic Boost of Marriage for Same-Sex Couples in Florida

    By E.G. Fitzgerald, Christy Mallory, M.V. Lee Badgett
    August 2014
    Extending marriage to same-sex couples in Florida would generate an estimated $182.2 million in spending to the state economy. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the most recent data available, 48,496 same-sex couples live in Florida. Of those couples, the Institute estimates that 50 percent (24,248 couples) would choose to marry in the first three years, a pattern that has been observed in Massachusetts and elsewhere. The marriages that would occur in the first year alone would bring over $116 million in revenue to the state of Florida that year.

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  • Florida – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination

    September 2009
    This report documents public sector employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in Florida. The report is part of a 15 chapter study that documents a widespread and persistent pattern of unconstitutional discrimination by state governments against LGBT people.

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  • Florida Adoption Ban/Cost Estimate

    By Naomi G. Goldberg, M.V. Lee Badgett
    February 2009
    This memo estimates the impact on children and the cost to the State of Florida of the current prohibition on adoption by gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) individuals and same-sex couples. Prohibiting GLB individuals and same-sex couples from adopting means that 165 children must remain in foster care or must have alternative adoptive homes recruited for them. As a result, we estimate that the ban costs the State of Florida over $2.5 million in per year.

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  • Florida - Census Snapshot: 2000

    By Adam P. Romero, Amanda K. Baumle, M.V. Lee Badgett, Gary J. Gates
    December 2007
    Demographic and economic information about same-sex couples and same-sex couples raising children based on data from Census 2000.

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