This page contains state-specific research for the state of Utah:

Census Snapshot: 2010 – Utah

Same-sex couples per 1,000 households by census tract (adjusted)

  • Model Legislation for Eliminating the Gay and Trans Panic Defenses

    By Jordan Blair Woods, Brad Sears, Christy Mallory
    September 2016
    “Gay panic” and “transgender panic” defenses have been asserted by defendants in criminal trials throughout the U.S. since the 1960s. In these cases, defendants have argued that their violent behavior was a rational response to discovering that the victim was LGBT. The defenses are rooted in irrational fears based on homophobia and transphobia, and send the message that violence against LGBT people is understandable and acceptable. When successful, these defenses have resulted in murder charges being reduced to manslaughter or another lesser offense. To date, only one state, California, has banned defendants from asserting gay or transgender panic defense by statute. In this brief, Williams Institute scholars present model language, based on the language adopted in California, that other states may use to eliminate use of the defenses through legislation. The model legislation offers language to prohibit defendants from using gay and trans panic defenses under each of the major defenses theories of provocation, insanity/diminished capacity, and self-defense. In addition, the brief provides an overview of the ways in which the defenses have been asserted in trials throughout the last several decades, and evaluates potential constitutional challenges to state legislation eliminating use of the defenses.

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  • How Many Adults Identify as Transgender in the United States

    By Andrew R. Flores, Jody L. Herman, Gary J. Gates, and Taylor N. T. Brown
    June 2016
    Utilizing data from the 2014 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), which includes representative state-level surveys, Williams Institute scholars provide up-to-date estimates of the percentage and number of adults who identify as transgender in the United States. Approximately 0.6% of adults in the United States, or 1.4 million individuals, identify as transgender. The study also provides the first ever state-level estimates of the number and percentage of adults who identify as transgender for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Differences exist in the percentage of adults who identify as transgender among the states, ranging from 0.3% in North Dakota to 0.8% in Hawaii. Differences by age also exist, with younger adults more likely to identify as transgender than older adults. An estimated 0.7% of adults ages 18 to 24, 0.6% of adults ages 25 to 64, and 0.5% of adults ages 65 and older identify as transgender.

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  • Estimating the Economic Boost of Extending Marriage to Same-Sex Couples in Utah

    By E.G. Fitzgerald, Christy Mallory, M.V. Lee Badgett
    April 2014
    Extending marriage to same-sex couples in Utah would generate up to $15.5 million in spending to the state economy. According to 2010 U.S. Census, the most recent data available, 3,909 same-sex couples live in Utah. Of those couples, the Institute estimates that 50 percent (1,955 couples) would choose to marry in the first three years.

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  • Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Utah

    Christy Mallory, Sarah Liebowitz
    January 2014
    Approximately 37,000 LGBT workers in Utah are vulnerable to employment discrimination absent state or federal legal protections. At least 17 localities in Utah prohibit private employment discrimination against LGBT people, yet 53 percent of the workforce remains unprotected by local ordinances. A statewide non-discrimination law would result in 17 additional complaints being filed with the Utah Anti-discrimination and Labor Division each year.

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  • Extending Medicaid Long-Term Care Impoverishment Protections to Same-Sex Couples

    By Jennifer C. Pizer, Craig J. Konnoth, Christy Mallory, Brad Sears
    June 2012
    This report explains CMS’s approach to extending Medicaid impoverishment protections to same-sex couples, and provides general information about the procedures through which the protections may be provided by states. States specific reports available for Colorado, Georgia, Illinois, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Utah, and Virginia.

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  • Employment Discrimination against LGBT Utahns

    By Clifford Rosky, Christy Mallory, Jenni Smith, M.V. Lee Badgett
    January 2011
    This study analyzes data from a 2010 survey on the employment experiences of 939 LGBT people living in Utah. The study found that 44% of LGB people and 66% of transgender people in Utah have experienced employment discrimination. Respondents’ qualitative responses indicated that LGBT Utahns have faced several forms of disparate treatment in the workplace because of their sexual orientation or gender identity, including being paid less for the same work, being asked to work longer hours, and being assigned less desirable shifts.

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  • Utah Census Snapshot: New Study on Same-Sex Couples in Utah

    By Jody L. Herman, Christy Mallory, M.V. Lee Badgett, Gary J. Gates
    November 2010
    This report provides demographic and economic information for the more than 3,800 same-sex couples living in Utah. Using data from the American Community Survey, conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, we compared characteristics of Utah’s same-sex couples to their different-sex married counterparts.

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  • Utah – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination

    September 2009
    This report documents public sector employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in Utah. The report is part of a 15 chapter study that documents a widespread and persistent pattern of unconstitutional discrimination by state governments against LGBT people.

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  • Utah - Census Snapshot: 2000

    By Adam P. Romero, Clifford J. Rosky, M.V. Lee Badgett, Gary J. Gates
    January 2008
    Demographic and economic information about same-sex couples and same-sex couples raising children based on data from Census 2000.

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